The advantages and disadvantages of technology

Within the last 12 months, we have most definitely relied on technology, to keep us connected to our families, and friends our work lives and our children’s education. We may think of the advantages; of which there are many; but there are also disadvantages too!

We would be interested to hear your views on this matter. Get in touch and tell us what your views are about technology.

The advantages of technology are discussed below:

1. Increased food output: We depend on food for our living. With the introduction of methods and techniques of cultivation, human beings are able to increase food output. The modern irrigation technologies have helped to cultivate lands that were otherwise considered barren. The agriculture equipment such as tractors helps the farmer in his farming.

2. Increased industrial output: As a result of introduction of technology in the process of producing goods, there has been a tremendous increase in industrial output. The automation of industry processes has resulted in processing tasks effectively and efficiently. Large industries make good use of engineering technology for large scale production of goods.

3. Business growth: Technology has positively impacted business activities involving manufacturing, selling, marketing, distribution, recording, etc. Technology has touched almost every sphere of business activities. Businesses need to make wide variety of mathematical calculations for various purposes such as counting, estimation cost and profit, etc. Prior to the introduction of calculators, all these mathematical calculations were done manually. With the introduction of computers, large business data are effectively processed and stored in computers. The growth of e-commerce business is an excellent example of how Information Technology can benefit our lives.

4. Comfort: Technology has made human life comfortable. Everything that we see and use in our daily lives is the gift of technology.  The clothes we wear, the houses we live, the cars we travel, the bridges and flyovers, the mobile phones we carry, the fans, etc. are all examples of successful implementation of technology.

5. Better utilisation of resources: Modern tools and equipment has helped us to utilise the natural resources at optimum level. For example, the irrigation technologies has enabled us to make better utilization of water resource in the field of agriculture. Hydel power plants, thermal power plants, nuclear power plants, etc. uses natural resources to generate power.

6. Ease in travelling: The invention of wheel is perhaps the most important technological discovery in human history. Automobiles, trains, etc. are powered by engine and run on wheels.

7. Improved communication: Printing press, internet, telephone, email, and other communication technologies has helped us to communicate on global scale.

8. Education: Virtual classes are a delivered at many schools. E-learning is a relatively new concept. Students make use of internet technology to download important study materials in the form of text, audio and videos.

9. Healthcare: Technology has revolutionized the healthcare industry. The various diagnostic tools such as x-ray machines, blood pressure monitoring machine, glucose level measuring machine, etc. has made possible accurate diagnosis of health related problems. Accurate diagnosis of disease results in faster and effective treatment of the patient.

10. Emerging technologies: Emerging technologies such as Information Technology, bio-technology, artificial intelligence, etc. are among the most important technologies of modern times. The introduction of computers, internet, smartphones, etc. have deep impact on common people. Much research are being conducted in the field of artificial intelligence intelligence.

11. Food Preservation: The food preservation technologies help in freeing the world from food crisis. Food preservation technologies such as freezing, canning, packaging, drying, etc., prevent or slows down the growth of bacteria and yeast. This helps in preservation of the foods items that can be consumed in the future.

12. Architectural excellence: Architectural, building and modern engineering are applied in designing urban skyscrapers, flyovers, and bridges. Newer technologies constantly strive to make use of reliable, environment friendly building materials. They also put emphasis on space, light and safety.

What are the disadvantages of Technology?

The disadvantages of Technology are discussed below:

1. Pollution: Too much use of technology has resulted in an increase in waste products into the environment. This has caused pollution. The discharge of industrial wastes into the environment diminishes the quality of soil, water, air , etc. The vehicle emission is among major causes of air pollution. Excessive use of pesticides in farming has caused soil erosion.

2. Faster depletion of natural resource reserves: Modern equipment are very powerful. They can quickly extract huge quantity of natural resources. However, the total reserves of natural resources are depleting as a result of quicker extraction of natural resources.

3. Production of unwanted products: Technology has also opened doors for the production and demand of unwanted products or unnecessary products.

4. Wastage of time in non-productive activities: Some people waste immense time and energy in doing non-productive activities. For example, internet technology has enabled people to browse the internet for information. However, some people get addicted to internet activities such as browsing, gaming, etc., and waste time and energy.

5. Excessive dependency: We are dependent on technology for all of our tasks. People are excessively dependent on modern gifts of technologies such as cars, computers, smartphones, etc. They feel helpless if any of these technological equipment, machinery or tools fail to perform. We have adopted technology in our life to the extent that it is impossible to think of performing our day-to-day tasks without the help of technology.

6. Effect on health: Though various technologies have made our lives comfortable, they have come at the cost of our health. The impure air and water is hazardous to human health. Loud noise of vehicles and running factories disrupts the human auditory senses. Excessive use of smartphones causes stress and posture related health issues.

7. Social gap: Not all people know to make the best use of technology. Some people use modern technologies to work in their favour, while there are others who find themselves in miserable conditions. This may causes a gap in the society. Further, a situation of digital divide is created when too many people who do not have access to digital technologies such as internet and computers.

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